Nizam H.H. Mir Osman Ali Khan — the founder of the High Court of Telangana

Mir Osman Ali Khan was the seventh and last Nizam of the largest princely state in British India who ruled Hyderabad at 25 for 38 years (1911-1948). It’s a well-known fact that Nizam of Hyderabad was the 5th richest man in humankind’s history and the wealthiest Indian who ever lived. He was also featured in Time magazine as the wealthiest person at that time. However, most of us are unaware that he was the founder of the High Court of Telangana. Initially, it was established as the High Court of Hyderabad for the then Princely State of Hyderabad. It was later renamed the High Court of Andhra Pradesh under the States Reorganization Act, 1956.

The construction of the High Court of Hyderabad (Now known as High Court of Telangana) was started on 15th April in the year 1915, and it was completed in four years, on 31st March in the year 1919. Later, in the year 1920, on 20th April, it was inaugurated by the Seventh Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan, making the building 101 years old in 2020.

The structural design and plan was outlined by Shankar Lal of Jaipur and was executed by the local Engineer, Mehar Ali Fazal, on the instructions of H. H. Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan. While digging the High Court of Hyderabad’s foundation, it is believed that the ruins of Hina Mahal and Nadi Mahal were unearthed, the two palaces of the Qutb Shahi Dynasty. During the Silver Jubilee Celebrations of the High Court, Nizam of Hyderabad gifted a silver key with a beautiful silver model by the judiciary in 1936. The replica of the structure was perfectly carved in a silver sheet weighing about 300 kg, which is now preserved in the Nizam’s Museum in Purani Haveli.